There are many ways a worker can be hurt on job or in traveling from one job site to another. Some of these injuries come about because of equipment defects or malfunctions, and some from the safety violations of co-workers, contractors and even business owners.
According to NSC, the National Safety Council, the top three workplace injuries that result in lost work days include: (1) overexertion (33.54%), (2) contact with objects and equipment (26%) and (3) slips, trips and falls (25.8%).
Overexertion Injury. Breaking it down further, common injuries from overexertion can include a back injury (the most common exertion injury of them all), neck injury (you can even get this at a desk job!), hernia from lifting too much, blood clots from sitting too long in the same position, muscle or ligament tears, joint injuries, etc.
Contact with Objects and Equipment Injury. This second-most common injury can include being struck against an object, being struck by an object, being caught in an object or equipment and caught in material that is collapsing. Examples include construction workers being stuck by building materials, cars slipping off of jacks, being sandwiched between a moving vehicle or load and a stationary one, etc. These types of injuries have a high fatality rate because of how injured a person can become if they are injured this way. These types of injuries also include amputation injuries where a person’s hand, arm, leg, etc. come in unsafe contact with something dangerous, such as a moving saw blade or live electrical current! According to United States Bureau of Labor Statistics, more than 10,000 amputation work injuries are reported each year. Injuries from this type of injury can include death, traumatic brain injury (TBI), broken and shattered bones and permanent spinal cord injuries. And like the overexertion injuries, most of these injuries are completely preventable and can come from working while distracted, with faulty equipment, receiving negligent training, etc.
Slips, Trips and Falls. The third most common injury is only slightly less prevalent than coming into contact with a hazardous item or equipment. According to the NSC, from people involved in the construction industry tops the list. These falls can range from falling to a lower level on a construction site to falling on a wet floor in the break room. These falls are “100 percent preventable” according to the NSC. Of course, the worker still needs to exercise their common sense, but an employer will still generally be responsible for them when they happen. Injuries will range from a scratch or concussion to a TBI or even death.